Today's lesson is on the use of "get" e "have" in the causative form. The best way to learn about this is to compare some sentences:
- My car was washed yesterday.
- I had my car washed.
- I got my car washed.
These three sentences communicate the same thing; however, the first sentence is in the passive voice, and the other two sentences use the causative form. Who washed the car? We don't know. But in the two sentences that use "have" and "get," the subject of the sentence is the one who seems to be directing the action.
The causative form is often applied by people who pay another person to do some work. Notice the word order:
have or get
All of the sentences above can be rewritten in the passive voice. How would you do that? You can go to the end of this blog entry if you aren't sure.
There's another way to write these sentences. If you want to mention the person who did the work, the word order changes, and the verb used with "get" or "have" is in the simple form. In sentences like these, I hesitate to use the word "object" because the person performing the main action is not the subject. It's easier, instead, to show the word order like this:
have or get
Notice that if you use the verb "get," the verb following the person is in the form of an infinitive.
There are other verbs that you can use in place of "have" or "get," such as "let" and "make," but if you learning about this for the first time, it's a good to keep this lesson simple. Tomorrow, you'll learn how to use "make" in the causative form.
1. Her hair was dyed; 2. His teeth were cleaned; 3. The tree was cut down; 4. Our car was fixed.